The Food Culture Difference Between China and West Studying food cultural differences, we can find out a joint enhancing the communication between China and the west through a comprehensive study of the subject. It may be a great help to the communication of the Chinese and western cultures.
Diet is actually the contents of our daily lives. It has special status in the Chinese culture, and it also has a great distinction between China and the west. As one of the world ancient nations, China’s diet has a history almost as long as that of Chinese civilization. But in western countries, ancient thinkers devoted less attention to the food problem than the Chinese philosophers did.The differences in concepts, targets, patterns, attribution and nature had reflected the different dietary culture in the different state characteristic.
Differences in Concepts
Chinese diet is a sense of beauty diet and pays attention to the "color, flavor, taste " regardless of the nutrition . Chinese people hanker on a diet is just the “mood” that is difficult for one to say anything. Even using the "color, flavor, shape and implement "which people often said to make the" realm "reification, is still difficult to crown all. Chinese
In England, people always havesome bread and milk for breakfast on weekday which is always in a hurry. But onweekends, breakfast is a big feast with bacon, porridge, coffee, eggs, toasts,cakes, and so on.
As for lunch, it's always sosimple. People usually have a sandwich or a hot dog. Some people also eat in a fast-foodrestaurant nearby. This meal won’t last very long.
Dinner is the biggest meal withpotato, beef, chicken, soup, and some desserts. At this meal, people usuallysit around the table and talk about their daily events. This is the best timefor family gathering.
Cheese is the most popular foodin European countries and the United States. According to different dishes andwine, different cheese is tied in. The simplest cheese is to put a certainamount of all kinds of cheese on a plate, called cheese dish.
Jewish usually eat apples withhoney on New Year's Day, in order to celebrate the happiest New Year.
Famous for its abundance and exquisite, Chinese food culture has occupied an important part in the nation's tradition cultures. China is of long history with a vast territory. Due to the diversity of the climate, products and customs, there are widely different food styles and taste in local regions. Through creation by past dynasties, the long standing cooking art has formed rich and colorful local dishes. Among them, "the eight major dishes" enjoys the upper reputation, which consists of Shangdong, Chekiang, Sichuan, Jiangshu, Guangdong, Hunan, Fujian and Anhwei.
Shandong dishes are divided into two factions as Tsinan and Jiaodong dishes. They are good at clear dishes, pure but not greasy. Sichuan dishes have enjoyed the fame that every dish has its own characteristic and none two share the same taste. They are also famous for pocked, peppery and savor taste. Chengdu and Chongqing dishes are two mail branches.
Jiangsu dishes lay stress on the original taste with proper sweetness and salty. They consist of Yangzhou, Suzhou and Nanking branches. Chekiang dishes are both delicious and sweet smelling, both soft and slide, clean and not greasy. They consist of Hangzhou,
Ningbo and Shaoxing branches. Guangdong dishes have Guangzhou, Chaozhou and Dongjiang three styles of dishes. They are good at choice seafood and pay more attention to the cooking skills. They act carefully at light food with tender and slide taste, from which they earn the praise of " It has a best taste in only in Guangzhou." Huna
n dishes consist of Xiangjian, Dongting Lake and Xiangxi coteau three local dishes. Their tastes lay stress on thick, arid and peppery food, mostly using seasoning like hot peppery, shallot and capsicum. Minghou, Fuzhou Ximen and Quanzhou dishes are the representatives of Fujian dishes. They use choice seafood as the main material with elaborately cooks beautiful color and delicious taste of oil. They are good at frying, gliding, decocting and pay attention to the dishes' sweetness, salty, and the appearance. The most distinct features are their "pickled taste". Anhwui dishes pay more attention to the taste, color of dishes and the temperature to cook them. They are expert in cooking delicacies from mountains and sea. In addition to the eight major dishes, there are Beijing dishes, shanghai dishes, Hubei dishes, liangning dishes, Henan dishes which also enjoy great reputation. What's more, the steamed dishes and vegetable dishes have their own charms. Actually, Chinese dishes have earned world's fame. The Chinese eateries could be found everywhere throughout the world. Many foreigners
regard having a Chinese meal as a high honor.
In China's traditional culture and education of Yin and Yang, the five elements philosophy thought of Confucian ethics idea, Chinese medicine nutrition keep fit theory, and cultural and artistic achievements, diet custom, national aesthetic characteristics under the influence of many factors, and create splendid history of Chinese cooking skills, form the extensive and profound Chinese food culture.
The cultural characteristics of China is a country with an ancient civilization, is also a long position of diet culture. Will the diet culture induces the following features:
Because of China's vast, vast territory and abundant resources, and local climate, the product, customs there are differences, for a long time, on food was formed many flavor. China has always been a "north south rice" view, the taste is on the "south sweet salty north east acid and spicy west" cent, mainly bashu, qilu, huaiyang, guangdong and fujian four big flavor. Four seasons has
Throughout the year, according to season and eat, is China's cooking and a big characteristics. Since the ancient times, China has been according to season change to taste, dishes, with strong winter, summer light cool; More in the winter stew stew stew, summer
many cold freezing.
Exquisite aesthetic feeling
Chinese cooking, not only skilled, but also has exquisite dishes aesthetic tradition, pay attention to food color, aroma, taste and shape, implement the coordinated. The performance of the aesthetic feeling of dishes is various, no matter is a carrot, or a BaiCaiXin, can carve out all sorts of modelling, unique to color, aroma, taste and shape, beautiful harmony, give a person with spirit and matter highly unified special enjoy.
Pay attention to appeal
Chinese cooking is very early pay attention to taste interest, not only to the snack food color, aroma, taste have strict requirements, but also for their name, the taste of way, where rhythm, entertainment into and so on all have certain requirements. The name of the Chinese food say that by superb, both. Dishes names according to both main, auxiliary, seasoning and cooking methods of realistic naming, also have according to historical stories, myths and legends, celebrities food interesting dishes, named after image, such as "family", "the general bridge", "large meatball", "call turn chicken", "in extremely good fortune", "banquet at hongmen", "dongpo pork". Food medical combined with
Chinese cooking techniques, and medical care are
Food between China and Western countries are totally different styles. China has 5000 years history. We probably spend half of time on food. Chinese people choice food very carefully. They only use fresh material to make food. For example they only eat fresh fish.
Chinese have a lot of ideas and techniques for cooking. We can cook a chicken in over ten ways. That’s why Chinese food is so popular in the world. Western country like English or American, they don’t have fresh food because they buy their food from supermarket which only sells stored materials. Western people would also prefer fast food like burgers and chips.
They are unhealthy to human body. Western people do not have many skills for cooking, mostly they only boil, steam and bake the food. By the way, western people are very good at making desert and chocolate. They can make very good cake and chocolate. They are very sweet but it’s sort of food which make you become fat quickly.